Choose Liberalism, Choose Freedom.













Liberalism


The Liberalism is an ideology, philosophical thought and political tradition which stands for that freedom is a basic political value. In the feudal period, liberalism was considered as a  bourgeoisie-political and ideological direction fighting for political freedom and freedom of opinion and action. It’s a movement that as a basic values in the political and economic order promotes the ideas for civic society of religious tolerance, individual freedom of opinion and public expression, property right and free competition in the economic activities as well as independence of the legislative and judicial power regarding the executive power.

The liberal elementary rights of the individual enable the right of noninterference of the state in his private sphere of freedom.
The rights of service and the elementary social rights are also personal right that come from the development of the liberal state of law into a social and preventive state. These rights provide the citizens with the right for participation in the economic and social progress  (for example, right of work and righteous salary, right of public protection in emergency cases, right of home etc)   

The elementary rights today  are incorporated in many national and international documents as a positive law . The international documents are the Universal declaration of human rights from 1948 as well as the European convention for protection of the human rights and freedoms from 1950. The guarantee of the elementary rights in these documents does not apply itself in the practice internationally. There are no any concrete sanctions against the violations of the human rights in the international law.

History
The first approaches of the English and European liberalism are made in the discussion between Edmond Burke and his party rival Charles James Fox. While Burke was standing for traditions and conservatism, Fox was standing for freedom of individual disabled from state reaction and any kind of repression. The Liberalism in a long term has showed itself as a successful option due to Burke’s blindness about the economic issues. The founders of the political liberalism were James Mill, John Stewart Mill and Jeremy Bentham, but significant contribution in the development of liberalism was given by John Stewart Mill.   
John Stewart Mill’s view is that the man is different from the other leaving beings by his capability to think rationally and to make decisions in his actions to achieve a certain goal, using certain means.  
Mill represents the individualism as an ideal through creation of the man as a spontaneous and creative creature. The only way to reach this ideal condition is to provide a freedom: freedom of expression and reconsideration of opinions and wishes. 

The aim of improvement of the individual is improvement of society because the higher degree of individuality, the higher degree of civilized society-“the biggest fortune for biggest number”. The human fortune is not directed toward own fortune, but toward happiness of the other man and the mankind. This moral is not yet universal and it takes through legislature to reach the condition in which the freedom will govern and the masses will be lead by their own virtues. By increasing the virtues in the society, freedom is improving that reduces the necessity of leadership. The special interest of Mill is the question how does it look this kind of temporary, relative best state.

The liberal always seeks the best form of governing which would allow the individual to live as he considers it is ethically good. 

 




 





 
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